A Passover Haggadah

(for Christians) 2023

The 2023 Passover begins at sunset on Wednesday, April 5, 2023.

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"Let not therefore anyone be-judging YOU in eating and in drinking or in part of-(a)-feast or of-(a)-new-moon or of-sabbaths"   -Colossians 2:16


"...For even our passover was-sacrificed, Messiah."  -1Cor.5:7b


"And the blood hath become a sign (את owth)  for you

on the houses (LXX - οἰκιῶν) where ye are"  -Exodus 12:13a

"Are YOU not knowing absolutely that YOU are the sanctuary (νας - naos) of the God,

and the spirit of God is dwelling (οκε - oikei) in YOU?" - 1 Corinthians 3:16






"And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning."  - Exodus 12:22


And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over (וּפָסַחְתִּי) you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to Jehovah: throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. Exodus 12:13-14








when I see the blood, I will pass over (וּפָסַחְתִּי) you  –Exodus 12:13.



Romans 1:16 For I-am not ashamed-of the good-news [εὐαγγέλιον euaggelion]; for it-is (the) power of-God with-reference-to salvation to-everyone trusting, both to-Jew first and to-Greek.


To the Jew first: Shalom!

 Again this year, 2023, for our Orthodox, Conservative, Reform and secular Jewish friends I am inserting at the beginning of our Haggadah something old for them to read anew as they search out Scriptural Gems hidden from them by Rabbinical Judaism: Isaiah 53, with Isaiah 6:5. There's been no physical Temple or Sanctuary since 70 A.D. Talmud @Yoma tells us that for 40 years before the Temple's destruction, that little crimson strap didn't turn white, showing that the period sacrifices were ineffectual. Thus since 70 A.D. till today there is no more temple sacrifice, thus no more forgiveness of sin via the Mosaic Covenant and Levitical priesthood as prescribed by the Torah. So what happened around 30A.D. (70-40=30) at Passover? The crucifixion of Yeshua! And over 500 witnesses in the New Testament/Brit Chadashah writings (apparently all Jewish writers, by the way) still testify that he stood again out of the dead. And the Messiah Yeshua is readily seen through the Hebrew Scriptures if you are sincerely looking...may we all have clear vision!

Isaiah 53 (Stone Tanach)


1Who would have believed our report, and to whom was the arm of the Lord revealed?


א  מִ֥י הֶֽאֱמִ֖ין לִשְׁמֻֽעָתֵ֑נוּ וּזְר֥וֹעַ יְהֹוָ֖ה עַל־מִ֥י נִגְלָֽתָה:

2And he came up like a sapling before it, and like a root from dry ground, he had neither form nor comeliness; and we saw him that he had no appearance. Now shall we desire him?


ב  וַיַּ֨עַל כַּיּוֹנֵ֜ק לְפָנָ֗יו וְכַשֹּׁ֙רֶשׁ֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ צִיָּ֔ה לֹא־תֹ֥אַר ל֖וֹ וְלֹ֣א הָדָ֑ר וְנִרְאֵ֥הוּ וְלֹֽא־מַרְאֶ֖ה וְנֶֽחְמְדֵֽהוּ:

3Despised and rejected by men, a man of pains and accustomed to illness, and as one who hides his face from us, despised and we held him of no account.


ג  נִבְזֶה֙ וַֽחֲדַ֣ל אִישִׁ֔ים אִ֥ישׁ מַכְאֹב֖וֹת וִיד֣וּעַ חֹ֑לִי וּכְמַסְתֵּ֚ר פָּנִים֙ מִמֶּ֔נּוּ נִבְזֶ֖ה וְלֹ֥א חֲשַׁבְנֻֽהוּ:

4Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed.


ד  אָכֵ֚ן חֳלָיֵ֙נוּ֙ ה֣וּא נָשָׂ֔א וּמַכְאֹבֵ֖ינוּ סְבָלָ֑ם וַֽאֲנַ֣חְנוּ חֲשַׁבְנֻ֔הוּ נָג֛וּעַ מֻכֵּ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים וּמְעֻנֶּֽה:

5But he was pained because of our transgressions, crushed because of our iniquities; the chastisement of our welfare was upon him, and with his wound we were healed.


ה  וְהוּא֙ מְחֹלָ֣ל מִפְּשָׁעֵ֔נוּ מְדֻכָּ֖א מֵֽעֲוֹֽנוֹתֵ֑ינוּ מוּסַ֚ר שְׁלוֹמֵ֙נוּ֙ עָלָ֔יו וּבַֽחֲבֻֽרָת֖וֹ נִרְפָּא־לָֽנוּ:

6We all went astray like sheep, we have turned, each one on his way, and the Lord accepted his prayers for the iniquity of all of us.


ו  כֻּלָּ֙נוּ֙ כַּצֹּ֣אן תָּעִ֔ינוּ אִ֥ישׁ לְדַרְכּ֖וֹ פָּנִ֑ינוּ וַֽיהֹוָה֙ הִפְגִּ֣יעַ בּ֔וֹ אֵ֖ת עֲו‍ֹ֥ן כֻּלָּֽנוּ:

7He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he would not open his mouth; like a lamb to the slaughter he would be brought, and like a ewe that is mute before her shearers, and he would not open his mouth.


ז  נִגַּ֨שׂ וְה֣וּא נַֽעֲנֶה֘ וְלֹ֣א יִפְתַּח־פִּיו֒ כַּשֶּׂה֙ לַטֶּ֣בַח יוּבָ֔ל וּכְרָחֵ֕ל לִפְנֵ֥י גֹֽזְזֶ֖יהָ נֶֽאֱלָ֑מָה וְלֹ֥א יִפְתַּ֖ח פִּֽיו:

8From imprisonment and from judgment he is taken, and his generation who shall tell? For he was cut off from the land of the living; because of the transgression of my people, a plague befell them.


ח  מֵעֹ֚צֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט֙ לֻקָּ֔ח וְאֶת־דּוֹר֖וֹ מִ֣י יְשׂוֹחֵ֑חַ כִּ֚י נִגְזַר֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ חַיִּ֔ים מִפֶּ֥שַׁע עַמִּ֖י נֶ֥גַע לָֽמוֹ:

9And he gave his grave to the wicked, and to the wealthy with his kinds of death, because he committed no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.


ט  וַיִּתֵּ֚ן אֶת־רְשָׁעִים֙ קִבְר֔וֹ וְאֶת־עָשִׁ֖יר בְּמֹתָ֑יו עַל לֹֽא־חָמָ֣ס עָשָׂ֔ה וְלֹ֥א מִרְמָ֖ה בְּפִֽיו:

10And the Lord wished to crush him, He made him ill; if his soul makes itself restitution, he shall see children, he shall prolong his days, and God's purpose shall prosper in his hand.


י  וַֽיהֹוָ֞ה חָפֵ֚ץ דַּכְּאוֹ֙ הֶֽחֱלִ֔י אִם־תָּשִׂ֚ים אָשָׁם֙ נַפְשׁ֔וֹ יִרְאֶ֥ה זֶ֖רַע יַֽאֲרִ֣יךְ יָמִ֑ים וְחֵ֥פֶץ יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיָד֥וֹ יִצְלָֽח:

11From the toil of his soul he would see, he would be satisfied; with his knowledge My servant would vindicate the just for many, and their iniquities he would bear.


יא  מֵֽעֲמַ֚ל נַפְשׁוֹ֙ יִרְאֶ֣ה יִשְׂבָּ֔ע בְּדַעְתּ֗וֹ יַצְדִּ֥יק צַדִּ֛יק עַבְדִּ֖י לָֽרַבִּ֑ים וַֽעֲו‍ֹנֹתָ֖ם ה֥וּא יִסְבֹּֽל:

12Therefore, I will allot him a portion in public, and with the strong he shall share plunder, because he poured out his soul to death, and with transgressors he was counted; and he bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors.


יב  לָכֵ֞ן אֲחַלֶּק־ל֣וֹ בָֽרַבִּ֗ים וְאֶת־עֲצוּמִים֘ יְחַלֵּ֣ק שָׁלָל֒ תַּ֗חַת אֲשֶׁ֨ר הֶֽעֱרָ֚ה לַמָּ֙וֶת֙ נַפְשׁ֔וֹ וְאֶת־פֹּֽשְׁעִ֖ים נִמְנָ֑ה וְהוּא֙ חֵֽטְא־רַבִּ֣ים נָשָׂ֔א וְלַפֹּֽשְׁעִ֖ים יַפְגִּֽיעַ:



Isaiah 53 could not speak of Isaiah or the nation of Israel as this “servant” since Isaiah himself clearly states:

"I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips" - Isaiah. 6:5
Unlike Isaiah and Israel, The Lord’s Servant is righteous righteous: יַצְדִּ֥יק צַדִּ֛יק עַבְדִּ֖י


Leviticus 17:11  "For the soul of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given  (YHVH gave - past tense) it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls for it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the soul."

When was this sacrifice given? In the Garden of Eden at Adam & Eve’s fall of MAN.

Genesis 3:21 And Jehovah God made for Adam and for his wife coats of skins skin [עוֹר `owr - singular], and clothed them.
 The sacrifice that provided the blood covering (the skin) is the Lamb slain from the casting down of a world.  This was a type or shadow of the sacrifice of Yeshua/Jesus:

John 1:29 On-the next-day the John is-looking-at the Jesus coming toward him, and he-is-saying, Note the lamb-sacrifice of-the God, the (one) removing the sin of-the world.

John 1:35 On-the  next-day again the John had-been-standing and two of-his disciples.

v36 And having-looked-upon the Jesus walking-around, he-is-saying, Note the lamb-sacrifice of-the God.

The zeal of YHVH of Hosts does this:
 Isaiah 9:6
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.


A child is born AND a son is given.

John 3:16 For thus the God cherished the world so-that he-gave his son, namely-the only-begotten, in-order-that every-(one) the (one) trusting with-reference-to him might not perish, BUT he-might-be-having life eternal.
v17 For the God dispatched not his son into the world in-order-that he-might-be-judging the world, BUT in-order-that the world might-be-saved through him.


1 Corinthians 5:7b "For even our passover was-sacrificed, Messiah."

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of Jehovah of hosts will perform this.


At Passover, many Jews are home from the synagogue (and many Christians are home from the “church”). The New Testament writings affirm that the Sanctuary of the God is in you:

1 Corinthians 3:16 "Are YOU not knowing absolutely that YOU are the sanctuary  [ναὸς – naos] of the God, and the spirit of God is dwelling [οἰκεῖ - oikei] in YOU?"

Ephesians 2:15 "Having-rendered-inactive the law of-the commandments in decrees [δόγμασιν dogmasin], in-order-that he-might-create the two in himself with-reference-to one new (quality) MAN making peace,"


Jewish (and Christian) friends, we invite you to join us as we commemorate YHVH’s Passover.

May we be One New Man in Messiah!

Shalom| Shalom!







It has been said that there are over 2000 Haggadahs.  The order of the steps in Haggadahs sometimes vary.


This Haggadah has 15 steps, although please note that it is not necessary to follow a strict order to be able to celebrate Christ, our Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7; Colossians 2:16-19). In fact, strictly following traditions can very much be a hindrance to understanding - and living - our freedom in Messiah.  However, there IS an apparent order to the Passover meal, as demonstrated in Luke 22, Matthew 26, Mark 14 and 1 Corinthians 11, and Digression 7.  As Christians, in particular as Gentile Christians, our participation in Passover is a joyful celebration of God's gift of salvation to us through His Son, Jesus.  We are not seeking merit through something we do, and certainly are not seeking to replace HIS People, Israel, but rather YHVH has grafted us "in among them" (Romans 11:17). Note, we are not grafted in among the branches that were broken out, but we don't "boast" against them either (Rom.11:19-21).  It's a miracle!  Enjoy it! Celebrate with Israel AND MOREOVER, in obedient remembrance of Jesus and this New Covenant (1Corinthians 11:25).


Concerning this Haggadah, It is not necessary to read all of the "Digressions" during the Seder, although they are beneficial towards understanding Passover.  The week of Passover/Unleavened Breads is a good time to review the Haggadah Digressions.


This Haggadah is also available as a PDF:  http://www.cotopaxi-colorado.com/Passover/The-2023-Haggadah-PRINTOUT.pdf


The Digressions are linked within the (online)  Haggadah, so you may access them at the appropriate time during the Seder.


This Haggadah originated and still borrows from Jim Searcy's Haggadah, and I am grateful that he has shared his work; however, we have different understandings on not a few areas, and hopefully this Haggadah will provide some additional insights.  To God be the glory in all things.





(a) Passover Haggadah (For Christians)  (click for online version)



List of Digressions:


Digression 1      The Lord's Supper is Passover; Jehovah's cup vs. the devil's cup


Digression 2      Easter and the Ancients, Astronomy vs. Astrology, Cain-Abel-Seth,

                         Eve & Satan, Abram's walk and The Gospel in the Garden.


Digression 3     The egg was added later by Rabbis.  Cause for pause?


Digression 4     Afikomen is hidden.  "He Came"


Digression 4.5   "Dark Energy" or "Let there be Light?"


Digression 5     Afikomen eaten,  "He Came" or "It is Finished".


Digression 6     The Cross, Jesus is 'I AM", Why the Sun was darkened.


Digression 7     A Study Showing the Location of the Four Cups of Passover in Scripture.


Digression 8    The colors of garments that Jesus wore during his arrest and trial

                          match the colors of the veil.


Digression A     Sanctification? Atonement? Propitiation? Remission?  Forgiveness?

                         And Why All The Blood?  


Digression B     Whom do you say that Jesus/Yeshua is?


Digression C    The Holy Spirit is the Law of the New Covenant.






Additional Passover Study Resources:


Complex but well worth the effort:

The Truth About Jesus If You Really Want To Know

There are some twenty hours of audio lessons available that complement this book by R.H. Mount.


The Day Christ Died. by R.H.Mount

This was an early teaching and as Ralph learned more he changed some things.  In The Truth About Jesus If You Really Want To Know, Ralph moved the date of Yeshua's last Passover by a day or so.  While that may sound likely to invalidate the title, if you read this you will see that the core teachings still stand.




Ralph Mount's Bible Apologetics Series

Mount's Apologetics Series consists of 45 lessons with about 20 pages per booklet, available here in PDF files. There is also accompanying audio teaching, which are now available online. While the audio adds much towards the understanding of the booklets, the booklets by themselves present much edifying teaching. 



Passover IS the LORD'S supper.  Passover is NOT the "Lord's Supper"



Jesus chose Judas, and Jesus gave Judas a commandment, which Judas obeyed.






APOLOGETICS 45:  PASSOVER  the 4--CUPS   - A Haggadah




Ralph Mount's Bible Discourse Series

Mount's Discourse Series consist of 8 lessons which go into a more detail in specific Bible study areas.  The accompanying audio commentary for these Discourses is available upon request.



Before and After the Cross






Some other Bible Studies















(a) Passover Haggadah (for Christians)

http://www.cotopaxi-colorado.com/Passover-Haggadah-for Christians-Homepage.htm

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Reproduction of this Haggadah for instruction/participation is permitted.


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