A Passover Haggadah

(for Christians)

2018

 

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"Let not therefore anyone be-judging YOU in eating and in drinking or in part of-(a)-feast or of-(a)-new-moon or of-sabbaths"   -Colossians 2:16

 

"...For even our passover was-sacrificed, Messiah."  -1Cor.5:7b

 

"And the blood hath become a sign (את owth)  for you

on the houses (LXX - οκιν) where ye are"  -Exodus 12:13a

 

"Are YOU not knowing absolutely that YOU are the sanctuary (νας - naos) of the God,

and the spirit of God is dwelling (οκε - oikei) in YOU?" - 1 Corinthians 3:16

 

 

      

"And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning."  - Exodus 12:22

 

And the blood shall be to you for a sign (את owth)  upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over (וּפָסַחְתִּי) you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to Jehovah: throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.  -Exodus 12:13-14

 

 

 


Haggadah Homepage/Index

(Find links to Digressions here)


 

 

(a) Passover Haggadah 2018

(For Christians)

This Haggadah commemorates Yahweh's great deliverance/salvation of Israel from bondage to Egypt (even as they placed the blood of a lamb in a connect-the-dots shape of a cross on their doorways.).  It also commemorates Yahweh's great deliverance/salvation of the world from sin (if they place the blood shed on the cross by the Lamb, Jesus/Yeshua, on the doorway of their hearts.)

 

This haggadah celebrates a part of the feast of Passover.  Yeshua/Jesus died once for all and there is no more need for further sacrifice (Heb.10:26) to ensure Jehovah will pass-over our sin.  Colossians 2:16  Let not therefore anyone be-judging YOU in eating and in drinking or in part of-(a)-feast or of-(a)-new-moon or of-sabbaths

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Generally, this Haggadah is color coded as such:

Black = Leader reads

Purple Wife/woman reads

Blue highlight - All read.

Green 3rd reader.  R.H.Mount Consistent Translation - a literal one word English for one word Greek translation, consistently. Additional comments.

Orange = Other reference & comments.

Brown - Instruction key points.  Additional comments.

Red - Key points.

* Old Testament scripture, 4th reader, is taken from the American Standard Version 1901.

* A Consistent Translation is used for New Testament passages.

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It is suggested that you begin this Haggadah early to allow for some reading before sunset.

Out of the Order, are a series of Digressions - recommended but not required reading.

Begin with Digression A - notes on the sanctification/blessings used in this Haggadah.

 


 

Preparing for Passover

Passover connects the Gospel in the Garden of Eden to the Gospel preached to Abraham to the Gospel of Moses to the Gospel of Jesus Christ.  Passover commemorates God's sacrifice - the Lamb slain from a "casting-down of a world" - on behalf of Adam and Eve for their sin in Gan Eden.  Passover commemorates the Akedah, the Lamb substituted for Isaac.  Passover commemorates God's deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage.  Passover commemorates God's deliverance of the world from bondage to sin through Yeshua Hamashiach. .  God has done it all.  Jesus said "It is finished."

All we have to do is trust in His works. (John 6:29)

 

Tonight at sundown a giant "wave" of Jewish families beginning their Passover Seders sweeps across the globe chasing the sunset.  By the grace of God, salvation is come to the Jews first - and to the Gentiles also (Ro.1:16), and so we get to participate.  Jesus Christ is our Passover (1Cor.5:7), the Lamb sacrifice of God, and we only keep a part of a feast (Col.2:16); there is no longer a need for animal sacrifices for sin (Heb.10:18).  Messiah died once (Heb.9:28) for all (1Pe.3:18). Those that believe (Jn.3:16) and acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Jehovah (Phil.2:11) are crucified with Messiah (Gal.2:20, Col.2:20), have risen with him (Col.3:1), and have eternal life. 

 

As YHVH's lovingkindness is everlasting (Ps.136), we see that the observant Jew "always obeyed" (Phil.2:12) in pronouncing "YHVH is become my Yeshua" (Isa. 12:3).  This is possible in the "redemption-back" provided by our "propitiatory" which removes our sin, YHVH Yeshua Messiah. (Jehovah Jesus Christ) (Ro.3:24-25)

 

Passover coincides with the Feast of Unleavened Breads.  Leaven often represents sin in the bible Under the Sinai law, no bread that has leaven may be eaten for seven days.

Traditionally, prior to Passover, all the leavened bread in a Jewish home is gathered and sold - to a Gentile.

 

The Passover Seder begins during a full moon at the sunset of Nisan 14 (March 30, 2018),  which then becomes the start of the day of Nisan 15, and marks the start of the seven day Feast of Unleavened bread. In accordance with Leviticus 23, a wave offering (along with separate burnt, meal & drink offerings) were made on the day after the first weekly Shabbat that follows Passover.  This day, known as Reshit Katzir, is often called the Feast of Firstfruit, and is where a sheaf [עֹמֶר `omer] of barley - the first fruit to ripen - was harvested to be waved before the LORD by the priest "to be accepted for you" (Lev.23:11).  This calls to mind firstfruit Messiah, who gives us hope of a resurrection, of life eternal:

1 Corinthians 15:20 "But at-this-instant Messiah has-been-and-still-is-raised out-of dead (ones), firstfruit of-the (ones) having-fallen-asleep-and-still-asleep: v21 For since-indeed the death (is) through MAN, also through MAN (a) resurrection of-dead (ones). v22 For as-altogether in the Adam all are-dying-off, thus also in the Messiah all will-be-made-alive. v23 But each (one) in (his) own assignment: firstfruit Messiah, thereafter the (ones) of-the Messiah in his presence,

 

Reshit Katzir also began the 49 day "counting of the omar" until Pentecost/Shavuot/Feast of Weeks/Feast of Harvest,  (the 50th day, always a Sunday: "the morrow after the 7th Shabbat" -Lev.23:16), commemorating the "giving" of the Advocate, the Holy Spirit to the Assembly, the Body of Messiah.

[Note: While the textual differences between "Shabbat" (שַׁבָּת) and "shabbaton" (שַׁבָּתוֹן), "kodesh miqra" (מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ) should show that "Shabbat", "solemn rest" and "holy convocation" are not equivalents (consider; no manner of work vs. no servile work), Lev.23:15-16 dictates that all these seven Shabbats are weekly Shabbats. Note in Lev.23:4 the weekly Sabbath IS a shabbaton (solemn rest) and a kodesh miqra (holy convocation); in contrast, the first day of unleavened bread is a holy convocation (Lev.23:7): it is not a Shabbat. Pentecost always occurs on a Sunday and is also holy convocation. Yom Kippur is called a Sabbath (Lev.23:32), and there is also a seventh year Sabbath (Lev.25:4).]

 

Participation: Exd.12:48 "And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to Jehovah, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: but no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof." The Sinai Covenant was written on stone (Ex.24:12, tables of stone); the New Covenant is written in the heart (2Cor.3:2-3). Christians are grafted in AMONG Israel (Rom.11:17) and hopefully our "part-taking" of Passover will help us see what is going on around us.

 

Further recommended reading at this time or at your convenience:

1st Digression Part A - 1Corinthians 11:20   “kuriakon” is an adjective; "lordly" supper. (pp 1-4)

Passover is Not Easter!

2nd DigressionPart A - Easter and the Ancients (pp 1-7)

 

The "Lord's Supper" was a Passover Seder

Depiction of the "last" Passover from the Rossano Gospels, c500AD.  

Note the reclining positions of the participants.  Public Domain Photo.

 

 


 

Bedikath Chametz (Searching our hearts for Leaven)

THE commandment to abstain from leaven is found in both testaments: Exodus 12:19, "Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a sojourner, or one that is born in the land."

1 Corinthians 3:16 Are-YOU not knowing-absolutely that YOU-are (the) sanctuary of-God and the Spirit of-the God is-dwelling in YOU?

v17 If someone is-corrupting the sanctuary of-the God, the God will-corrupt this (one); for the sanctuary of-the God is holy, which-ones YOU yourselves are.

Let Us (Christians, both Jews & Gentiles) Keep the Feast!

1 Corinthians 5:7  YOU-purge-out the old leaven, in-order-that YOU-might-be (a) new lump, according-as YOU-are unleavened-breads.  For even our passover was-sacrificed, Messiah. 

v8 So-that let-us-be-keeping-the-feast not with old leaven neither with leaven of-malice and of-evil, BUT with unleavened-breads of-sincerity and of-truth.

(These are commandments to Christians... and of course Observant Jews continue to remove physical leaven from their homes.)

 

 

The order begins Note that there are some 2000 Haggadahs.  The order of the service varies.

 

 


 

1. The Lighting of the Candles -

     Leader: The Passover begins as the woman of the household kindles the festival

     lights and recites the traditional blessing.

 

Leader: Traditionally it is the woman who begins the Seder (& Shabbat - sometimes they coincide) by lighting the candles and giving light to the Passover table.   In this we also recall that it was a woman who gave birth to the Light of the World.  In Isaiah 7:14b (LXX Polyglot version), we read:  "Behold the virgin will conceive in the womb (γαστρί gastri), and bear a son, and you shall call his name Immanuel", i.e. "God with Us".

 

 

Yeshua said at John 8:12:  "Again therefore the Jesus spoke to-them, saying, I myself-am the light of-the world; the (one) following me will by-no-means walk-around in the darkness, BUT he-will-have the light of-the life."   Psalm 27:1  Yahweh is my light and my salvation ;  whom shall I fear?  Yahweh is the strength of my life;  of whom shall I be afraid?

 

 

Acts 26:18  To-open their eyes, to-turn-around from darkness into light and of-the authority of-the Satan upon the God, they to-take forgiveness of-sins and (a) lot among the (ones) having-been-made-holy-and-still-holy by-trust, the (one) with-reference-to me

 

The woman of the household lights the candles and says:

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the universe, who has made us holy by trust in Yeshua Yahweh, the light of the world and the light of life.  Yahweh Yeshua is our strength and our Salvation.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the universe, who has kept us in life,

and has preserved us and has enabled us to reach this season once again. Amen.

 

       Leader: The Passover has begun and during the course of our Seder we will drink

                    from our cups and replenish them four times.

 


 

2.  Kadesh קדש – "Sanctify" (the Day).  Pour - The First Cup: The Cup of Sanctification

Exodus 6:6 [Kohlenberger]  Therefore say! to-sons-of Israel I Yahweh and-I-will-bring (וְהִצַּלְתִּי v'hitzalti)  you from-under yokes-of Egyptians and-I-will-free you from-service-of-them and-I-will-redeem you with-arm (זְרוֹעַ zĕrowa`) being-outstretched and-with-acts-of-judgment mighty-ones. God sanctifies Israel.  The Jews are (still) a nation "chosen", or "set apart" by God.  "When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt" (Hosea 11:1).   Through Jesus, Christians are also "set apart", grafted in AMONG (not "into") the believing assembly of remnant Israel (Rom.11:17). Note that JESUS is the ROOT (Rev. 22:16). "Assembly" -ἐκκλησία - ekklesia - also translates to "called-out" or "set apart".  God has brought us out of the world into his realm...in Messiah we are now also fruit of the vine (Jesus) (Ro.11, Jn.15)...we are sanctified through Jesus: Heb. 10:10 "In which will we-are having-been-made-holy-and-are-still-holy through the offering all-at-once of-the body of-the Messiah Jesus."  God sanctifies Christians. Christians are members of the body of the Messiah (Eph. 5:30).

        

             

All raise the cup and sing or say the traditional Kiddush blessing in Hebrew and/or English:

 

Baruch Atah Yahweh Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Boh-Ray P'ree Hagafen.  Amen.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Ruler of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine. Amen.

 

All drink the first cup

 


 

3. Urchatz ורחץ - "Wash" - the 1st Washing of Hands

 

             Leader: Yahweh gave instructions to Moses concerning the Tabernacle...

 

Exodus 30:17  And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,

 

18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and the base thereof of brass, whereat to wash. And thou shalt put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.

19  And Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:

20  when they go into the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn an offering made by fire unto Jehovah.

21  So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.

Just as Aaron the High Priest was to cleanse his hands and *feet before approaching

the altar of the Lord, so too, we recognize our need for spiritual cleansing.

            

Psalm 24:3  Who shall ascend into the hill of Jehovah? And who shall stand in his holy place?

4  He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; Who hath not lifted up his soul unto falsehood, And hath not sworn deceitfully.

 

As believers in The GOD of Israel through our Messiah Yeshua (Jesus Christ), we are reminded in Ephesians 5:26-27, that we are sanctified/made-holy, and cleansed with the washing of living water by The Word of GOD Yeshua/Jesus that we may be presented, holy and without blemish unto Himself.

 

Eph. 5:25 The husbands, YOU-be-cherishing the wives, according-as also the Messiah cherished the assembly and gave himself over in-behalf-of her,

26 In-order-that he-might-make her holy having-cleansed (her) by-the bath of-the water in (a) saying,

v27 In-order-that he-might himself stand-alongside to-himself the assembly glorious, not having spot or wrinkle or any of-the (things) such-as-these, BUT in-order-that she-might-be holy and unblemished,

 

(All wash their hands.)

 

 

 


 

The Seder Plate ~

 

Leader: Note that Exd.12:8 mandates three foods for Passover: Unleavened bread, bitter herbs, and the sacrificial lamb.  The rest is tradition!  The story of Passover is a story of deliverance from bondage, and each element of the Passover meal may be seen as part of the portrait of redemption. For instance, while there is no more sacrifice since Jesus (Heb.10:26), for Christians the shank bone may be observed as a memorial of his sacrifice.

The Seder plate contains:

Matzah (unleavened bread)

Chazeret a bitter vegetable used with maror (e.g. Romaine lettuce)

Maror a bitter herb (horseradish)

Karpas green vegetable that is not bitter - (celery or  parsley)

 (nut, apple and wine mixture)

Beitzah (roasted egg) (*removed)

Z'roah (shank bone)

 

XXX -*Beitzah (the Roasted Egg)   

We have removed the "traditional" egg from our Sedar plate.  It is a "modern" insertion after the destruction of the Temple.  It doesn't make sense that an egg, the symbol of pagan fertility rites, could be a valid representation of Biblical practice.

 

Further recommended reading at this time or at your convenience:

Digression 3  Passover isn't Easter!  Get rid of those rotten (leavening) eggs!

Digression 2 Part C, Astronomy vs. Astrology, Cain-Abel-Seth, Eve+Satan & The Gospel in the Garden of Eden.  (A.K.A. "why we got rid of the eggs") Guaranteed to be "out there"!  (pp12-19)    

Haroset, literally "potter's clay", is a symbol of the mortar which the enslaved Israelites used to make bricks for Pharaoh.  However, it is also sweet and so also brings to mind that God Himself is a potter and master builder. He is building a holy habitation in which to dwell...

Exodus 26:15 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle [מִשְׁכָּן mishkan] of acacia wood, standing up

Ephesians 2:20 Having-been-built-up on the foundation of-the apostles and prophets, Messiah Jesus being chief-corner of-it, v21 In whom all building-up being-fitted-together is-growing into (a) holy sanctuary in Jehovah, v22 in whom YOU yourselves also are-being-built-together into (a) residence of-the God in spirit.."

These passages point to the Hebrew and Gentile Christians, who are raised or stood again in Messiah Jesus (Rom.7:4; Jn.3:29; 1Cor.3:16; 2Cor.11:2).

 

Z'roah "The Arm of the Lord" (shankbone of the lamb or goat)

 

Leader (holding up the shankbone): What is the meaning of this shankbone that represents the paschal lamb?             

Exodus 12:27 that ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of Jehovah's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.   

 

John 1:29 On-the next-day the John is-looking-at the Jesus coming toward him, and he-is-saying,  Note the lamb-sacrifice of-the God, the (one) removing the sin of-the world.

 

All:  Saying with-(a)-great voice:  Worthy is the lamb namely-the (one) having-been-and-still-slain to-take the power and riches and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and blessing. Amen.   (Revelation 5:12)

 

 

The rabbis have given the shankbone on the seder plate a special name. It is called the Z'roah  Adonai - "The Arm of the Lord".    In scripture,  "the Arm" or "the Hand"  of YHVH the Father refers to YHVH the Son, Jesus.  "Arm" is from the Hebrew זרוע zĕrowa`- additionally defined as strength, power...

           

 Isaiah 53:1 Who hath believed our message? and to whom hath the arm (זְרוֹעַ zĕrowa`) of Jehovah been revealed?  (John 12:38, also recall Kadesh blessing reference at Gen.6:6)

v2  For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.  (Jesus was beaten beyond recognition...)

v3  He was despised, and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and as one from whom men hide their face he was despised; and we esteemed him not.

v4  Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. (We all crucified Jesus...)

v5  But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

v6  All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and Jehovah hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.  (Jesus was crucified for all of us...)

v7  He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.

 


 

4.  Karpas כרפס   "green vegetable" (celery or parsley) dipped in Salt water

 

Leader: The karpas is reminiscent of the hyssop brush with which the children of Israel

applied the blood of the Passover lamb to the doorposts of their houses.

Exodus 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.  

The salt water is said to represent the tears which the Israelites shed in Egypt in their slavery. So too, it represents the tears Jews and Christians "offer" through constant persecution.

 

       Exodus 2:13 "...with all thine oblations thou shalt offer salt."

From a small celery seed has grown the plant: Jezreel/Israel (Hos.2:23; Ex.1:7).  Salt is a preservative.

 

Further reading as time allows:

Digression 2 Part B   God's covenantal promises to Israel continue.

2 Chronicles 13:5 "Ought ye not to know that Jehovah, the God of Israel, gave the kingdom over Israel to David forever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt?"  

 

Leader: We dip the karpas in salt water to remind us that life is often times immersed in

             tears. Let us eat the karpas.  This is the 1st dipping of the Seder.

 (All dip a piece of parsley or celery in salt water, recite the blessing),

 

All: Baruch Atah YHVH Elohenu Melech Ha-Olam Boh-ray P'ree Ha-adamah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our God! King of the universe, Creator of the fruits of the earth.

(then eat!) WE affirm the permanence of God's Covenants of salt with Israel.

 

Later, the second dipping represents the re-birth of Israel in 1948, a Land born in a day! Isaiah 66:8

 


 

5. Yachatz יחץ  "break"  "dividing" The middle matzah is broken and part is hidden as the Afikomen.  The Afikomen will be prepared, hidden away as in a tomb.

 

The Three Matzot – Unity  (Leader lifts the three matzot) These three matzot combined together are referred to as a "unity" by the ancient rabbis.  The unity of the three matzot is a mystery. The rabbis have conjectured various theories about its true meaning. One theory is that it represents the unity of the patriarchs - Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, another is that it reflects the relationship of the divisions within Israel - the priests, the Levites and the congregation of Israel. We who trust in Messiah Yeshua immediately recognize in the three matzot the unique "tri"unity of God Himself - Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

 

Jews of course also believe in the Holy Spirit: See the Zohar, Vol 3, p. 166 where R. Simeon says of the great Passover miracle of the song of Exodus 15:1, where 2.5 million Jews were singing in unison after passing through the sea.  The largest recorded outpouring of the Holy Spirit, (see Apol 26, pp8): "for How could they, without the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, have all sung together as if through one mouth?"

 

Romans 11:9 "Let their table become into a snare and into a hunting and into an entrapment and into a repayment for them."  Thus, Jewish believers on (looking for) Messiah do not see the veil rent --- Jewish believers in Messiah SEE the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and the rent middle VEIL.  When was it rent? At the death of Jesus (Matt. 27:51), our Passover.  This is also the view of Gentile Christians.  

 

The middle matzah has a special name: "Lechem Onee" [לֶחֶם עֹנִי]- the bread of affliction. The Lechem Onee leaves its place of honor among the other matzahs in the unity.

This is the bread of affliction which the Jewish forefathers made and ate in haste as they were delivered out of Egypt (Deut.16:3). In a sense, the Egyptians (the world) even afflicted the bread that sustained the Israelites during their escape from the world to redemption.

Isa.53:4  Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

 

All:He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.  (Isaiah 53:7)

 

There was a great joy in this affliction:   2Cor. 7:4b " I-am-myself-exceeding-beyond-measure with-the joy upon all our tribulation."  Let all who are hungry come and eat. Let all who are needy come and celebrate the Passover with us. Now, we are here; next year may we all celebrate in the land of promise.  Even now, many are slaves to sin; next year may we all be free.    

 

   Recommended reading for this time:

4th Digression Afikomen is hidden just as Messiah is hidden from "Old Testament" Jews.

 

The Lechem Onee is broken in half. One half now becomes the Afikomen, which can mean

"He who comes", or "It is finished".  This special piece of matzah is placed in a linen cloth and wrapped in  the manner one wraps a body for burial. While the leader does this, he recites

Yeshua's words concerning himself...(John 6:35) " But the Jesus said to-them, I myself-am the bread of-the life:  the (one) coming to me by-no-means might-he-be-hungry, and the  (one) trusting with-reference-to me by-no-means might-he-thirst at-any-time. "

Traditionally, the Afikomen is now hidden out of sight ...in the same room.

 

Pour the second Cup, The Cup of Deliverance - "I will deliver you" but don't drink it!

 


 

The Four Questions and  The Four Sons

 

Leader: The Passover is an important celebration for children. Through it they gain wisdom and insight into the redemptive nature of God. So at this time the children will  learn the meaning of Passover by asking the traditional four questions. Listen closely  to the questions and make each question a personal challenge.

 

Why is this night different from all other nights?

In Judaism, there is a teaching story about four Jewish sons, the Wise, the Defiant, the Simple, and the One that is not aware of anything, yet all have a part in the Kingdom of God.  And that's a nice story.   

 

The reality described in Romans ch11 provides for 4 different "good" sons.

1.  One son is the "Torah observant" Jew that God has blinded, for a time, from seeing that Jesus is the Messiah of Israel. (Rom. 11:10-12)

2. One son is the Gentile that is a proselyte to Judaism, that is, a pagan that converts to Judaism and keeps the Sinai covenant.  Scripturally, he is a Jew.

3..  One son is the "Torah obedient" Jew that, by the grace of God, trusts that Jesus is the Savior and Messiah of Israel. (Rom. 11:5-7)

4. One son is the Gentile that, by the grace of God, trusts that Jesus is the Savior and Messiah of Israel. (Rom.11:17)

 

Each of these sons may (God judges the heart; we don't make that decision) have a part in the future Kingdom of God, as provided by the "Redemption-back" in the propitiation of Jesus Christ's sacrifice. (Ro.3:24-25  It is important to distinguish between a gentile proselyte to Judaism, and a Gentile Christian, just as between a Jewish Christian and an "Old Covenant" Torah Observant Jew.  Christians are "saved"; observant Jews that God purposefully blinded (and true proselytes) are "safe" in the "redemption-back" power of the blood of Yeshua.  This is the lovingkindness of YHVH.    Note that a Gentile could be a Jewish proselyte before the cross - as were some in the wilderness - or after the cross as even today.  However, before the cross, no one, Jew or Gentile, was called a Christian (although they could trust in Messiah!).  Moreover, no one comes to the Father except through Jesus (the Noahide is not an exception) (Jn.14:6 Jesus speaking to Jews), yet know that The Gospel WAS preached to Abraham, and he trusted (Gal.3:8,9). These things are in agreement, although that may be difficult to see initially.  Hopefully, a bit of YHVH's expansive lovingkindness is seen in this.. 

 

There is a fifth "bad" son that is "cut off".  Yet YHVH's lovingkindness provides hope for this son also:

Romans 11:25 For I-am not willing (for) YOU to-be-being-ignorant brothers, (of) this mystery, in-order that YOU-might not be prudent in yourselves, that petrifaction has-come-to-pass-and-still-is from part to-the Israeli, until of-which (time) the fulness of-the Gentiles might-come-in, v26 And thus all Israel will-be-saved, according-as it-has-been-and-still-is-written:  The (one) delivering will-be-present out-of Sion, he-will-turn-back impiety from Jacob. v27 And this (is) the covenant from me to-them, at-the-time-that I-might-remove-for-myself their sins. v28 On-the-one-hand enemies according-to the good-news because-of YOU, on-the-other-hand cherished (ones) according-to the choice because-of the fathers; v29 For the bestowed-favors and the calling of-the God (are) unregrettable. v30 For as-altogether YOU yourselves at-one-time disobeyed the God, but now YOU-had-mercy-bestowed in-the disobedience of-these. v31 Thus these also now disobeyed in-order-that by your mercy they themselves also might now have-mercy-bestowed. v32 For the God shut-together all the (ones) with-reference-to disobedience in-order-that he-might-have-mercy (on) all the (ones). v33 O depth of-God's riches and wisdom and knowledge; as unsearchable his sentences and untraceable his ways. v34 For who came-to-know (the) mind of Jehovah? Or who became his fellow-counsellor? v35 Or who gave-before to-him, and it-will-be-repaid to-him? v36 Because out-of him and through him and with-reference-to him (are) the all-things; to-him (be) the glory with-reference-to the ages:  Amen.

 

 


 

Why is this night different from all other nights?

 

BECAUSE, the Israelites were slaves unto Pharaoh in Egypt, and The Eternal our GOD brought them out with His strong arm (זְרוֹעַ zĕrowa`).

 All: Blessed is the GOD, Who gave The Children of Israel The Torah with His strong arm, the Word of YHVH, Messiah Yeshua.

 

             Child: On all other nights we eat either leavened or unleavened bread; on this

            night, why do we eat only unleavened  bread?

 

Father: We eat unleavened bread to remember that the children of Israel, in their

 haste to leave Egypt, had to take their bread with them before it had time to rise.

 

             Child: On all other nights we eat herbs of every kind; on this night, why do we eat

             only bitter herbs?

 

Father: We eat the bitter herbs to remember how bitter it is to be enslaved.

 

             Child: On all other nights we do not dip even once; on this night, why do we dip twice?

 

Father: By dipping we remember life in bondage is bitter (herbs in salt), but that even the harshest

bondage is sweetened (maror by haroset) by God's promise of redemption.

 

             Child: On all other nights we eat either sitting or reclining; on this night, why do we

             all recline?

 

Father: Once we were slaves, but Jehovah in His goodness and mercy redeemed us

with a mighty hand and outstretched arm. We recline to recognize Him for the rest

He has given to us.

 

Leader: It is Jehovah Jesus who brings us each out of Egypt/the World/Sin. It is He alone who redeems us.  Man cannot save himself. Therefore, in gratitude and recognition, let us recount

the story of Passover.

 

 


 

 6.  Magid מגיד  - "Preacher"  "Story teller"  - The Story of Passover

 

We read Exodus 12: 1-24 (American Standard Version 1901) - God's promises to Israel:

 

Exodus 12:1  And Jehovah spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

v2  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

v3  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household:

v4  and if the household be too little for a lamb, then shall he and his neighbor next unto his house take one according to the number of the souls; according to every man's eating ye shall make your count for the lamb.

v5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Exodus 12:6 and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at even.

v7 And they shall take of the blood, and put it on the two side-posts and on the lintel, upon the houses wherein they shall eat it.

v8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

v9 Eat not of it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.

v10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

v11 And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is Jehovah's passover (פֶּסַח).

v12 For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am Jehovah.

v13 And the blood shall be to you for a token (לְאֹת) upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over (וּפָסַחְתִּי) you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

v14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to Jehovah: throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

v15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread (מַצּוֹת matzot); even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread (חָמֵץ hametz) from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

v16 And in the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done by you.

v17 And ye shall observe the [feast of] unleavened bread (מַצּוֹת matzot); for in this selfsame day have I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance for ever.

v18 In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread (מצת), until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

v19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a sojourner, or one that is born in the land.

v20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

v21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out, and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the passover (פֶּסַח pesach).

v22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.

v23 For Jehovah will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side-posts, Jehovah will pass over (וּפָסַח)   the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. (See Jn. ch.10 "Door",  " γ εμι ego eimi", "I and the Father are ONE".)

v24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

 

 

 

 

Note the blessings stay with Israel, and that Jacob became the first IsraeliteAbraham and Isaac were not Israelites.

 

 

Genesis 35:9 And God appeared unto Jacob again, when he came from Paddan-aram, and blessed him.

v10 And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel.

v11 And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins;

v12 and the land which I gave unto Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.

 

 

Genesis 17:6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

v7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee.

v8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land of thy sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

v9 And God said unto Abraham, And as for thee, thou shalt keep my covenant, thou, and thy seed after thee throughout their generations.

Note: "kings shall come out of thee"  Does this include kings of the nations? Remember Abraham sent the 10 sons by concubines to the east. (Gen.25:6)

 

Genesis 17:15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.

v16 And I will bless her, and moreover I will give thee a son of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be [a mother of] nations; kings of peoples shall be of her.

 

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and number the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

 

Digression 4.5  The article "Dark Energy" is of related interest. Read at your convenience.

 

Jeremiah 31:36  If these ordinances depart from before me, saith Jehovah, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.

v37 Thus saith Jehovah: If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, then will I also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith Jehovah.

 

God sent Israel into Egypt:

 

Genesis 46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I.

v3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation:

v4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.

~~~

Leader: This story begins at a time long before Moses with Joseph, who was the favorite son

of the patriarch Jacob. Joseph was sent by his father unto his brothers, and because they were

jealous of the pre-eminence which God Himself had promised Joseph, he was sold for a token

price by his brethren and handed over to the power of gentiles.

 

As a slave in Egypt, Joseph was subjected to temptation and overcame it. He was falsely

accused and suffered for sin that was not his own. After a season of suffering, Joseph was

exalted to pre-eminence just as God had foretold. At age 30, he began to exercise his

authority in ministering life to the needy. Joseph is a type of Jesus.

 

A great famine came upon the whole earth and Joseph's brother's came to Egypt to buy food.

Joseph supplied their needs, but was unrecognized by his own brethren. At the right time, he

revealed himself. The eyes of his brothers were opened and they clung to him and wept.

The children of Israel came to Egypt to escape the famine and settled in Goshen where they

prospered, and as generations passed, they became a great and numerous people.

 

"Then arose a new Pharaoh who knew not Joseph." He beheld the might of Israel, and he

feared that in time of war, the sons of Jacob might join themselves with Egypt's foes. So he

subdued the Israelites, and afflicted them with cruel labor. Taskmasters were placed over the

Israelites, to compel them to make bricks and to build Pharaoh's great storage cities of

Rameses and Pithom. But despite their hardships, they continued to thrive just as God had

promised. This caused Pharaoh even greater alarm, and he ordered the slaughter of Israel's

infant sons. By his command, every male child born to the Hebrews was to be cast into the

Nile and drowned.

 

The afflictions of the Israelite people were cruel and many. In anguish they cried out to the

God of their fathers. And God heard their cry. God remembered His covenant. And God

raised up a deliverer, a redeemer -- the man Moses. And He sent Moses to Pharaoh's court

to declare the commandments of the Lord;

 

All: "Let My people go!"

 

 

 

But Pharaoh would not listen to the Lord of Hosts. And so, Moses pronounced God's

judgment on Pharaoh's house, and on Pharaoh's land. Plagues were poured out on the

Egyptians, upon their crops and upon their flocks. But Pharaoh's heart was hardened. He

would not yield to the will of God. He would not let the house of Jacob depart.

 

 

     Then the tenth plague fell upon the land: The death of Egypt's first born,

 

Exodus 11:5  and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill; and all the first-born of cattle.

 

But to protect the children of Israel, God commanded the head of each Hebrew household to sacrifice a spotless lamb and to apply its blood to the doorway of his home, from the basin (threshold) to the lintel (top of the doorway), then the two side posts..

Exodus 12:22  And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike The Lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.

 

Herein we see Jesus was on the cross with a crown of thorns (lintel), pierced hands/wrists (sideposts) and pierced feet (basin/threshold).

"They pierced my hands and my feet" - Psalm 22:16b (the only reference in scripture)

       

Exodus 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is Jehovah’s Passover.

v2 For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am Jehovah.

          

Note – Psalms 96:5 LXX  “All the gods of the nations are demons.”

Not just some little clay idol figurines…understand that mythology's origin was real..

v13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over (וּפָסַחְתִּי) you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

v14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to Jehovah: throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

   

Leader: Passover commemorates the night when death "passed over" the houses of the children of Israel because of the blood of the lamb--the Passover lamb.  It is a powerful picture of redemption through Yeshua/Jesus, the Passover Lamb of God.  And so, as in faith the Israelites applied the blood of the lamb to the doorposts of their homes, so we also in faith apply the blood of Yeshua/Jesus to the doorposts of our hearts.

 

 

All: "For even our passover was-sacrificed, Messiah." (I Corinthians 5:7 CT)   

 

Who is the Messiah Yeshua? 

Leviticus 11:45 ἐγώ εἰμι   ego eimi   "I-myself-am"  

John 10:30 "I and the Father are ONE"

 

 

 

The Ten Plagues

 

             Leader: The second cup is known both as the Cup of Thanksgiving and as the Cup of

             Plagues, because in this part of the seder we recall each of the plagues God brought

             upon the Egyptians, but from which the Israelites were spared. God's Word teaches

             compassion towards one's enemies. So as each plague is mentioned, we dip our little

             finger into our cups and spill a drop of wine onto our plates. Thus, the joy of our

             deliverance is tempered by the sorrow which came to others. Let us now diminish our

             cups as we recount each of the ten plagues.

 

             (Each participant empties a drop from his cup at the naming of each plague.

  The leader recites the Hebrew and the others respond in English. Do not drink!)

 

Leader:                                      All:

 

Dam                                                    Blood

Ts'fardei'a                                          Frogs

Kinim                                              Vermin

Arov                                                     Flies

Dever                                          Pestilence

Sh'chin                                                Boils

Barad                                                   Hail

Arbeh                                              Locusts

Choshech                                      Darkness

Makat B'chorot     Death of the Firstborn

 

The Second Cup, the Cup of Thanksgiving for Deliverance

Still!  Don't drink it yet!  I know you're thirsty! I'm thirsty too!

 

Leader: Each Jew is exhorted to consider himself as having personally come forth out of Egypt. The Scriptures declare: "And thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying, It is because of that which Jehovah did for me when I came forth out of Egypt."(Exodus 13:8)

 

God did a strange thing; he sent a small boy into Egypt. Why?

 

Matthew 2:13 Now when they were departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I tell thee: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.

v14 And he arose and took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt;

v15 and was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt did I call my son.

 

Hosea 11:1 (KJV) When Israel [was] a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

 

 Jesus had no earthly father; as head of household on Passover he had to come out of Egypt in order to fulfill the requirement of Exodus 13:8.

 

 He who provided redemption from bondage in Egypt, has provided redemption and propitiation for our sins in the once-for-all sacrifice of Yeshua at the cross.

We are no longer in bondage to sin (Galatians 4:21-31):

Romans 6:14 For sin will not exercise-Lordship of-YOU; for YOU-are not under law BUT under favor.

 

For those of us who are in Messiah, truly, we may say:

 

All: “I celebrate this feast because of that which JEHOVAH JESUS did for ME.”

 

 

All lift the 2nd cup  (but do not drink!)

 

            All: Therefore, it is our grateful duty to thank, praise, laud, glorify, extol and adore

Him, Who did all these wonders for our fathers and for us. He brought us forth:

 

From Slavery                          To Freedom

From Anguish                        To Gladness

From Mourning                     To Festivity

From Darkness                      To Great Light

From Bondage                       To Redemption

 

 

             All: Baruch Atah YHVH Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Boh-Ray P'ree Hagafen.

Blessed art Thou, Yehovah our Elohim! King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.

 

(All drink the second cup)

 

 


 

 


 

7.  Rachtzah רחצה  "Wash"   (the 2nd hand washing)

Gentiles are grafted into Israel by the Grace of God. Romans 11.   We (and Jewish believers) are baptized (immersed) - not with water, but in the Holy Spirit.  (Matt. 3:11, Acts 1:5)

1 Corinthians 6:11b  BUT YOU-bathed-yourselves-off, BUT YOU-were-made-holy, BUT YOU-were-justified in the name of-the Lord Jesus and in the Spirit of-our God. 

 

Romans 15:16  With-reference-to me to-be (a) public-minister of-Messiah Jesus with-reference-to the Gentiles, working-as-priest (of) the good-news of-the God, in-order-that the offering of-the Gentiles might-become welcome, having-been-made-and-still-holy in (the) Holy Spirit.

 

All:  Blessed are You, Yahweh our Elohim, King of the Universe Who has made us holy and justified us in the name of Yahweh Yeshua and in the Spirit of our God.  Blessed are You Yahweh, Who immerses us in the Holy Spirit.

 

 

All: Pour water into a container (its own well) then pour over right hand first then left hand.

 


 

8.  Motzi מוציא  "Who brings forth"  "bringing forth"

 

Leader: Throughout the Bible, leaven is frequently employed as a symbol of sin. In ancient times a small piece of raw dough from the previous loaf was used to ferment an entire portion of fresh dough. Thus was the leavening of each batch of dough related to the original loaf, and it was the leaven that caused the dough to rise.

As the leaven in bread causes the dough to rise, so the sin in our life causes us to rise in our own estimation, to become puffed up. But on this night, and for the seven days to follow, we eat nothing that contains any leaven. And so we demonstrate our desire to be cleansed of our sin, and to live lives devoted entirely to the Lord.

 

Note that Gentile Christians do not attempt to affect righteousness through works:

Ephesians 2:8 For by-the favor YOU-are having-been-and-still-are-saved through trust; and this not out-of YOU, of-God the gift;

v9 Not out-of works, in-order-that some-one might not boast.

v10 For of-him we-are (a) thing-made having-been-created in Messiah Jesus on good works, to-which the God prepared-before (us?)  in-order-that we-might-walk-around in them.

v11 On-this-account YOU-be-having-in-memory that at-one-time YOU the Gentiles in flesh, the (ones) being-said (to be) uncircumcision by the (one) being-said (to be) circumcision in flesh made-by-hand,

v12 That YOU-were in that season separate-from Messiah, having-been-and-still-alienated of-the citizenship of-the Israeli and strangers of-the covenants of-the promise, not having hope and (ones) without God in the world.

v13 But at-this-instant in Messiah Jesus YOU, the (ones) at-one-time being far (away) [i.e. the Gentiles], YOU-became near in the blood of-the Messiah.

v14 For he himself is our peace, the (one) having-made the both (places) one even having-broken-down the midst-wall of-the fencing-in, the enmity, in his flesh

v15 Having-rendered-inactive the law of-the commandments in decrees, in-order-that he-might-create the two in himself with-reference-to one new (quality) MAN making peace,

v16 And he-might-reconcile-in-full the both [Jews and Gentiles] in one body to-the God through the cross, having-killed the enmity in it;

v17 And having-come he-himself-brought-good-news, peace to-YOU to-the (ones) far and peace to-the (ones) near;

v18 Because through him we-are-having the leading-near, the both in one Spirit to the Father.

v19 So therefore YOU-are no-more strangers and dwellers-abroad, BUT YOU-are fellow-citizens of-the holy-places and of-(the)-household of-the God,

v20 Having-been-built-up on the foundation of-the apostles and prophets, Messiah Jesus being chief-corner of-it,

v21 In whom all building-up being-fitted-together is-growing into (a) holy sanctuary in Jehovah,

v22 in whom YOU yourselves also are-being-built-together into (a) residence of-the God in spirit.

 

Warnings against a high-mindedness, boasting:

 

Romans 11:18 You-be not boasting-against the branches; but if you-are-boasting-against (them), you yourself-are not bearing the root BUT the root you.

 

I Corinthians 5:6:  YOUR boast (is) not fine. Are-YOU not knowing-absolutely that (a) little leaven is-leavening the total lump?

1 Corinthians 5:7 ALL read:  YOU-purge-out the old leaven, in-order-that YOU-might-be (a) new lump, according-as YOU-are unleavened-breads.  For even our passover was-sacrificed, Messiah.

 

Leader: At Leviticus 11:45 God says  " *I am Jehovah who brought you up out of Egypt to be your God; ye shall therefore be holy; for I am holy." [*LXX: ἐγώ εἰμι κύριος]

 

            

John6:28 They-said therefore to him, What might-we-be-doing, in-order-that we-might-be-working the works of-the God?

 

v29 The Jesus answered and said to-them, This is the work of-the God, in-order-that you-might-trust with-reference-to whom that (one) dispatched.

v30 They-said therefore to-him, What sign therefore are You yourself-doing, in-order-that we-might-see and we-might-trust to-you? What are-you-working?

v31 Our Fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, according-as-it-is having-been and-is-still-written, He-gave to-them bread out-of the heaven to-eat.

32 The Jesus said therefore to-them, Amen amen I-am-saying to-You, Moses has not given-and-still-is-giving to-You the bread out-of the heaven; BUT my Father is-giving to-YOU the bread out-of the heaven namely-the authentic (bread).

v33 For the bread of-the God is the (one) descending out-of the heaven, and giving life to-the world.

v34 They said therefore to him, Lord, always you-give to-us this bread.

v35 But the Jesus said to-them, I myself-am the bread of-the life:  the (one) coming to me by-no-means might-he-be-hungry, and the (one) trusting with-reference-to me by-no-means might-he-thirst at-any-time.

 

v57 According-as the living Father dispatched me, and-I myself-am-living because-of the Father, also the (one) chewing me, that-one-also will-himself-be-living because-of me.

v58 This is the bread, the (one) having-descended out-of the heaven. Not according-as YOUR fathers ate the manna, and they-died-off: the (one) chewing this bread he-himself-will-live with-reference-to the age.

v59 These-(things) he-said teaching in (a) synagogue in Capernaum.

 

 

Raise all matzah on the Seder plates and repeat the blessings and scripture:

 

1 Corinthians 5:8 ALL read:  So-that let-us-be-keeping-the-feast not with old leaven neither with leaven of-malice and of-evil, BUT with unleavened-breads of-sincerity and of-truth.

 

All: Baruch Atah YHVH Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Ha-mo-tzee Lechem Min Ha-aretz.

Blessed art Thou, Yahweh our God! King of the universe, Who brings forth bread from

the earth.

 

"But out-of him YOU yourselves-are in Messiah Jesus, who became wisdom to-us from God, both righteousness and holiness and redemption." -1 Corinthians 1:30  

 

Blessed are You, יהוה our God, King of the universe, who sanctifies us in Messiah Yeshua, the Bread of the Life.  Amen

 

 

 

 


 

Remains of 4th century Capernum Synagogue.  Photo by David Shankbone.

 

Capernum Synagogue.  Photo by Berthold Werner.

 

 


 

Matzah מצה (Leader holds up the top Matzah and the broken middle Matzah)

 

Matzah is unleavened...it is striped...it is pierced; even as the sinless, unleavened Messiah received stripes which we ourselves deserved. The beatings and flogging which Yeshua received at the hands of the Jews (Matt.26:67-68) and Romans (Matt.27:26,30) were for our healing; the piercing of Messiah's hands and feet at the cross, and the spear thrust into his side were for our redemption.

            

2 Corinthians 5:21 The (one) not having-come-to-know sin he-made sin in-behalf-of us, in-order-that we ourselves-might-become (the) righteousness of-God in him.

 

All:  But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. (Isaiah 53:5)

 

 

Hebrews 10:10 "In which will we-are having-been-made-holy-and-are-still-holy through the offering all-at-once of-the body of-the Messiah Jesus."

 

1 Corinthians 1:30  "But out-of him YOU yourselves-are in Messiah Jesus, who became wisdom to-us from God, both righteousness and holiness and redemption."

 

 

All: Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the universe, who sanctifies us in Messiah Yeshua, the Bread of the Life and has commanded us to eat this bread. (Mt.26:26)

 

              

The Bottom piece of Matzah is traditionally laid aside.

 

Commentary from Ralph Mount's Apologetics 7, The Miracle Israel Haggadah: "...we showed that the three pieces of matzah represent God the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit [this Haggadah, p8].  The (bottom) matzah representing the Holy Spirit has been laid aside even as the Shechinah, the glory of God, departed from the temple (Ezk.8,9).

Jesus said 'I and the Father we are unity." John 10:30.  The Shema: 'Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our Gods is Jehovah a unity.'  (Deut.6:4)  In respect for God's name Israel says, 'Hear O Israel, Adonai our God Adonai is one.'  But 'one' is 'unity' and Adonai is plural.  Note Rom. 11:9 concerning the table: "And David is-saying:  Let their table become into (a) snare and into (a) hunting and into (an) entrapment and into (a) repayment for-them"

 

Note also 2Cor.3:14  "BUT their thoughts were-petrified. For until the today day the same covering is-remaining on the reading of-the old covenant, (it) not being-discovered that in Messiah it-is-being-rendered-inactive."  - - Observant Jews don't see that Messiah Yeshua was foreshadowed in the Passover lamb and that the veil is rent...they remain entrapped in this at the Passover table. They are still looking - hunting for the Messiah, even as they "hide" the Afikomen and set aside the Holy Spirit.  As believers in Messiah Jesus, by God's grace we are not hiding The Messiah nor is He hidden from us. Regarding the Holy Spirit, He shows us The Way:

 

 

Hebrews 9:8  "The Holy Spirit making-evident this, the way of-the holy (ones) not-yet to-have-been-manifested (while) of-the first tabernacle still [having] standing,"

John 14:6 "The Jesus is-saying to-him, I myself-am the way and the truth and the life.  No-one is-coming to the Father unless through me."

Hebrews 10:19 Having therefore brothers, boldness-of-speech with-reference-to the entering-in of-the holy-ones in the blood of-Jesus,

v20 Which (entering-in) he-dedicated for-us (a) way recently-slain and living, through the veil, this is his flesh,

 

Each person may now eat a small piece of the top two Matzah (and then eat all the matzah you wish from the other plates)

 

Cont. Mount commentary:  "I think that Matt. 26:26 follows next  in sequence. (i.e. next in the scripture's sequence - the Afikomen?) "But (as) they (were) eating, the Jesus having-taken the bread, and having-blessed, he-broke-in-pieces and he-was-giving to-the disciples, and he-said, YOU-take, YOU-eat; this is my body." [note Yeshua's commandment to eat this (1Cor.11:26) bread- "YOU take, YOU eat."] (Bread is artos (ἄρτον), masculine; and 'this' is touto (τοῦτό), neuter.  They do not go together.  'This-thing' or the matzah he was dividing.)  'As they were eating' - matzah, not the meal itself.  This seems important to me because the matzah, 'his body' is before the supper and the cup is offered after the supper.  Compare [at "Tzufan"] 1Cor.11:23, 24 with vs25.  How can one join these two things into the modern communion without a supper?"  [Note Mount is speaking of the next thing in sequence to show that as they were eating the Seder meal, Jesus initiated the New Covenant participation in "this" - his body.  There is much to think on here: Jesus broke "The" bread (matzah) and it became (distinct from the other matzah?) - "this" (his) body - Are there two breakings? i.e. is this the first breaking,  or is it the Yachatz, or Motzi-Matzah or Tzufan step?]

 


  9.  Maror מרור  (bitter herbs)

 

Leader: This horseradish reminds us that the life is sometimes very bitter, as it was

for the sons of Israel in the land of Egypt. As we partake of the freshly ground

horseradish, we are reminded afresh of how bitter life is without redemption.

 

Romans 2:9 "Tribulation and anguish upon every soul of-MAN of-the (one) working-out the bad-thing, both of-Jew first and of-Greek;"

Numbers 9:11 In the second month on the fourteenth day at even they shall keep it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs:

 

     All: Baruch Atah  יהוה Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Asher Kid-sha-nu B'mitz-vo-tav

             Ve’tzi-va-nu al A-chee-lat Ma-ror.

All: Blessed art Thou, Yahweh our God! King of the universe, Who has commanded us concerning the eating of bitter herbs. (Exodus 12:8)

 

All eat a small helping of horseradish with matzah.   (from the common plates)

 


 

10.  Korech כורך"wrap" or "wrapping"(connotes a type of Sandwich)

 

2 Corinthians 1:2  Favor to-YOU and peace from God our Father and Jehovah Jesus Messiah.

v3 Blessed (is) the God and Father of-our Lord Jesus Messiah, the Father of-the pities and God of-all comfort,

v4 The (one) comforting us upon all the tribulation of-us, with-reference-to our being-able to-be-comforting the (ones) in all tribulation through the comfort of-which we ourselves are-being-comforted by the God.

v5 That according-as the sufferings of-the Messiah (are)-exceeding with-reference-to us, thus through the Messiah our comfort also is-exceeding.

v6 But whether we-are-being-oppressed in-behalf-of YOUR comfort and salvation, the (one) operating-for-itself in perseverance of-the same sufferings which we ourselves also are-suffering, and our hope (is) firm in-behalf-of YOU; or we-are-being comforted (it-is) in-behalf-of YOUR comfort and salvation;

v7 Knowing-absolutely that as YOU-are partners of-the sufferings, thus also of-the comfort.

 

Even the most bitter of circumstances are sweetened by the hope we have in God. To demonstrate this, we place a small amount of maror between pieces of matzah and dip it in the sweet haroset. Eating both together, we initially taste the bitterness of the maror, quickly overcome by the sweet and soothing haroset. So too, as we face the bitterness of life, in the grace and knowledge of Messiah our adversity is sweetened. The "2nd dipping"!

 

Recommended further study: 2 "dippings" or washings: in the blood and water.

 

 


 

11.  Shulchan Orech שולחן עורך   "The Table Prepared"

All eat the Passover meal.  Discussion should be related to Passover. This is not a pot-luck dinner.

 


 

12. Tzafun צפון – "hidden"  The Afikomen

5th digression Afikomen eaten (Recommended reading for this time)

 

Traditionally, the children are now sent in search of the hidden Afikomen. This "hide-and-seek" ensues until a child finds the Afikomen and it is ransomed back.

However, while Isaac - who foreshadowed Messiah's sacrifice in the Akedah - could be ransomed/exchanged for a ram, The Messiah (Yeshua) could not himself be ransomed:

Leviticus 27:28 Notwithstanding, no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto Jehovah of all that he hath, whether of man or beast, or of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto Jehovah. 

29 No one devoted, that shall be devoted from among men, shall be ransomed; he shall surely be put to death.

 

Messiah Yeshua was given as a ransom-exchange for all:

1 Timothy 2:5 For (there-is) one God, one mediator also of-God and of-MEN, (the) MAN Messiah Jesus,

v6 The (one) having-given himself (a) ransom-exchange in-behalf-of all, the testimony for-its-own seasons;

Traditionally, the Afikomen has been ransomed back and the Jews now partake of it once more

      - which interestingly may indeed foreshadow "And thus all Israel shall be saved" (Rom.11:26).  

 

Because the Passover sacrifice could be offered only in Jerusalem, something of the mystique of the Passover lamb became attached to the Afikomen. Among Sephardic Jews, when the Afikomen is eaten, they recite, "In memory of the Passover lamb". The sages tell us that the Afikomen should be the last morsel food eaten at the Seder. Its taste should linger in our mouths.

 

It was during this place in the Seder that Yeshua took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying...

 

All: "This is my body, the-(one) being-given in-behalf-of YOU:  YOU-be-doing this with reference-to my remembrance." (Luke 22:19, CT)

 

1 Corinthians 11:23 For I myself-took-along from the Lord, what also I-gave-over to-YOU, that the Lord Jesus in the night in-which he-was-being-given-over he-took bread

v24 And having-given-thanks he-broke-(it)-in-pieces and said:  This is my body the (one) in-behalf-of YOU; this YOU-be-doing with-reference-to my remembrance.

v25 In-the-same-way also the cup after tak(ing)-supper, saying: This cup is the new-quality covenant in my blood; this YOU-be-doing as-often-as YOU-might-be-drinking, with-reference-to my remembrance. Note the sequence: "having given thanks, he broke."

 

All: Blessed are you YHVH our God, king of the universe, who brings forth the True Bread from Heaven.

(A piece of the afikomen is distributed to each person)

             Leader: With thankfulness, let us all partake of the Afikomen.

             All: In memory of the Passover Lamb, Yeshua.

 

             (All eat the afikomen.)

 


 

 

13. Barech ברך"He (God) Had Blessed" or "To Bless"

The traditional Grace after meal.  Note that Yeshua gave thanks before eating.

 

Recommended understanding at this time and reading at this time for first time participants:

Digression B:  Whom do you say that Jesus is?  

Digression 1 Part B  Warning: What This Bread and This Cup Proclaim; YHVH Yeshua.

 

*The Third Cup, the Cup of Redemption - "I will redeem you"

 

Leader: It was this very cup, the Cup of Redemption, the cup after supper, of which

Yeshua said: " And in-the-same-way the cup after to-partake-supper, saying, This cup (is) the new-quality covenant in my blood, the-(one) being-poured-out in-behalf-of YOU." (Luke 22:20)

 

NOTE: Judas drank the 3rd cup:

Luke 22:21 Further, behold, the hand of-the-(one) giving me over (is) with me on the table;

For more info on Judas, read Apologetics 2, "From Luke the Jew, For Judas the Judge", by R.H. Mount.

 http://www.cotopaxi-colorado.com/BIBLE/MOUNT-APOLOGETICS/APOLOGETICS_2_LUKE_THE_JEW_JUDAS_THE_JUDGE.htm

 

  Pour the third cup now, do not drink.

 

Paul - by inspiration - tells us in 1 Corinthians 11:25, "For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes." Every Passover Seder is a memorial of the death of Messiah who gave himself for the Jewish people - and for everyone that trust in Him. Jesus' blood sacrifice provides propitiation, i.e. it permanently takes away sin; animal sacrifice atonement only covered sin (Ro.3:24-25). Our hearts yearn within us to continually experience rich redemption and to receive from Him that salvation which we could not achieve ourselves. We are indeed "being-saved" time-continuously.

 

This is important to understand, so let's read it again:

1 Corinthians 11:23 For I myself-took-along from the Lord, what also I-gave-over to-YOU, that the Lord Jesus in the night in-which he-was-being-given-over he-took bread

v24 And having-given-thanks he-broke-(it)-in-pieces and said:  This is my body the (one) in-behalf-of YOU; this YOU-be-doing with-reference-to my remembrance.

v25 In-the-same-way also the cup after tak(ing)-supper, saying: This cup is the new-quality covenant in my blood; this YOU-be-doing as-often-as YOU-might-be-drinking, with-reference-to my remembrance.

v26 For as-often-as YOU-might-be-eating this bread and YOU-might-be-drinking this cup, YOU-are-proclaiming the death of-the Lord, until of-which he-might-come.

"this cup"--as often as --that is once a year at Passover.  The 3rd cup of Passover.

 

WARNING; If you are not a Jew or do not believe that the blood of Jesus will cleanse you of your sins, do not drink this cup.

 

1 Corinthians 11:27 So-that (one)-who might-be-eating this bread or might-be-drinking the cup of-the Lord unworthily, will-be liable of-the body and of-the blood of-the Lord.

v28 But let (a) MAN be-approving himself, and thus let-him-be-eating out-of the bread and let-him-be-drinking out-of the cup;

v29 For the (one) eating and drinking unworthily is-eating and is-drinking (a) sentence to-himself not discriminating the body of-the Lord. (i.e. not discriminating that these represent the body of Christ, & not understanding that Jesus/Yeshua is God Almighty/YHVH)

v30 Because-of this many among YOU (are) weak and sickly and considerable (number) are-being-fallen-asleep.

v31 But if we-were-discriminating ourselves, we-were not being-judged;

v32 But being-judged we-are-being-disciplined by the Lord, in-order-that we-might not be condemned with the world.

 

 

            We are keeping only a part of the Passover feast: there is no sacrificed lamb.

            Jesus the true Lamb has been sacrificed.

 

 

Exodus 12:6  "and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at even."

"it" is from the Hebrew word  אתו oto or athu which some translate here as "him".

 

What Judaism teaches: 

 

Talmud, Pesahim, 78b, p.408:

For it is taught, R. Nathan said:  How do we know that all Israel can discharge [their obligation] with one Passover-offering?  Because it is said, and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at dusk:  does then the whole assembly kill?  Surely only one kills!  But it teaches that all Israel can discharge [their duty] with one Passover-offering.”

 

Then why don’t most Jews see Jesus as their Messiah?

 

God has blinded Israel - in this part -for a season. God has not cut-off Israel.

Romans 11:1a:  I-am-saying therefore, (has) the God pushed-away-from-himself his people?  (No!)  May-it-not-come-to-pass;

 

Romans 11:11 I-am-saying therefore, (Have) they-slipped in-order-that they-might-fall? (No!) May-it not come-to-pass; BUT by-their offence the salvation to-the Gentiles, with-reference-to to-provoke them to-jealousy.

(By their offence,  the salvation to the gentiles (It isn’t “fall” as some translations have, but “offence”.)

v12 But if their offence (is) riches of-(a)-world and their inferiority (is) riches of-nations, in-how-much more their fulness.

 

Eph 2:8 For by-the favor YOU-are having-been-and-still-are-saved through trust; and this not out-of YOU, of-God the gift;

v9 Not out-of works, in-order-that some-one might not boast.

 

WHY salvation to the gentiles?  Psalm 136 reveals:  Because Yahweh's lovingkindness endureth forever.  Romans 11:11 reveals this is to provoke the Jews to jealousy.  Perhaps in the sense of being more zealous towards God than they already are?

 

Again…why don’t the Jews see?  

 

Romans11:25petrifaction has-come-to-pass-and-still-is from part to-the Israeli, until of-which (time) the fullness of-the Gentiles might-come-in,”

BUT: v26And thus all Israel will-be-saved, according-as it-has-been-and-still-is-written:  The (one) delivering will-be-present out-of Sion, he-will-turn-back impiety from Jacob.

v27 And this (is) the covenant from me to-them, at-the-time-that I-might-remove-for-myself their sins.”

 

John 11:50  Neither are-YOU-deliberating that it-is-being-advantageous to-us in-order-that one MAN might-die-off in-behalf-of the people, and not the total nation might-perish.

v51 But this he-said not from himself, BUT being chief-priest of-that year, he-prophesied that the Jesus was-being-about to-be-dying-off in-behalf-of the nation;

v52 And not in-behalf-of the nation only, BUT in-order-that the children of-the God, namely-the (ones) having-been-and-still-scattered-abroad, he-might-gather-together into one.

This passage shows YHVH's lovingkindness....Jesus died for us AND in behalf of the people, the nation (Israel), and children of the God in the past time.  That is, his sacrifice also retroactively “covers” the Jews obedient to the Old Covenant throughout history.

 

Jesus said:  "I myself-am the vine, YOU the branches. The (one) remaining in me, and-I in him, this (one) is-bringing much fruit; because separate-from me YOU-are not being-able to-be-doing anything." (John 15:5) 

 

 

                                                All raise the third cup.

 

All sing or recite: Baruch Atah YHVH Elohenu Melech Haolam Boray Pree Ha-gafen.

Blessed art Thou, Yahweh our God! King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.  Amen.

 

 

                                                All drink the third cup.

 

 

 

Recommended reading at your convenience:

 6th Digression - the darkened sky   The veil was rent at the time of the death of Jesus.  That veil was his flesh! See also Apologetics 26, "A Haggadah of Hope", by R.H. Mount.

 

 

 

The Good News!

 

Ephesians 2: 11 On-this-account YOU-be-having-in-memory that at-one-time YOU the Gentiles in flesh, the (ones) being-said (to be) uncircumcision by the (one) being-said (to be) circumcision in flesh made-by-hand,

v12 That YOU-were in that season separate-from Messiah, having-been-and-still-alienated of-the citizenship of-the Israeli and strangers of-the covenants of-the promise, not having hope and (ones) without God in the world.

v13 But at-this-instant in Messiah Jesus YOU, the (ones) at-one-time being far (away), YOU-became near in the blood of-the Messiah.

v14 For he himself is our peace, the (one) having-made the both (places) one even having-broken-down the midst-wall of-the fencing-in, the enmity, in his flesh

v15 Having-rendered-inactive the law of-the commandments in decrees, in-order-that he-might-create the two in himself with-reference-to one new (quality) MAN making peace,

v16 And he-might-reconcile-in-full the both (Jews and Gentiles) in one body to-the God through the cross, having-killed the enmity in it;

v17 And having-come he-himself-brought-good-news, peace to-YOU to-the (ones) far and peace to-the (ones) near;

v18 Because through him we-are-having the leading-near, the both in one Spirit to the Father.

v19 So therefore YOU-are no-more strangers and dwellers-abroad, BUT YOU-are fellow-citizens of-the holy-places and of-(the)-household of-the God.

 

We also think on prophecy that is being fulfilled in our day:

Matthew 24:8 But all these-things are beginning of-birth-pains.

The Balfour Declaration, 1917.

Isaiah 66:8 Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall a land be born in one day? shall a nation be brought forth at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children. 

Israel is "born in a day" on May 16, 1948.  God has brought the Jew back as one nation, Ezk. 37:21,22 fulfilled.

Isaiah 66:9 Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith Jehovah: shall I that cause to bring forth shut the womb? saith thy God.  

The Land has been restored in part, but not yet the Kingdom.  Pray "Let thy Kingdom come" - Lu.11:2

Ezekiel 37:26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them; and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore. 

27 My tabernacle also shall be with them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 

28 And the nations shall know that I am Jehovah that sanctifieth Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.

 

 

 

The Cup of Elijah   (Elijah's Cup should be overflowing empty! *Matt.11:14)

 

             Leader: (Lifting the extra cup for Elijah)

The Hebrew prophet Malachi tells us that the coming of the Messiah will be preceded by

Elijah the Prophet.

 

All:  Behold, I will send you the prophet Elijah before the coming of that great and

terrible day of the Lord. (Malachi 4:5)

 

It has been the hope at every Passover that the prophet will accept the invitation, enter the

home, and announce the coming of the Messiah. Each year someone goes to the door and

opens it wide in hopeful expectation.

 

Zacharias was a cohen, a priest. He was serving in the temple at the altar of incense, when an (The?) angel of the Lord appeared before him and foretold the birth of a son to Zacharias and

prophesied concerning him...

 

Luke 1:17 And he himself will-go-before in-sight of-him in spirit and power of-Elias, to-turn-around hearts of-fathers upon children, and (ones)-disobedient with prudence of-just-(ones), to-prepare (a) people having-been-and-still-constructed for-Jehovah.

 

             That son was John the Immerser, of whom Yeshua the Messiah said; 

 

Matthew 11:12 But from the days of-John the Baptist till just-now, the kingdom of-the heavens is-being-forced, and forceful-(ones) are-seizing it.
v13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied till John.
v14 And if YOU-are-willing to-receive, he himself-is Elijah the (one) future to-be-coming.
v15 The (one) having ears to-be-hearing, let-him-be-hearing.

  

Matthew 17:10 And his disciples questioned him, saying, Why therefore are the scribes saying that it-is-essential (for) Elijah to-come first?

v11 But the Jesus having-answered said to-them, On-the-one-hand Elijah is-coming first and he-will-restore all-(things).

v12 On-the-other-hand I-am-saying to-YOU that Elijah already came, and they-came not-to-know him-thoroughly, BUT they-did with him as-many-(things)-as they-willed.  Thus also the son of-the MAN is-being-about to-be-suffering by them.

v13 Then the disciples perceived that he-said to-them concerning John the Baptist.

 

Understand the purpose of the law:  The law prophesied about Jesus.  John "paved the way"(Jn.1:23, Isa.40:3), and JEHOVAH (JESUS) was present.  If you have ears to hear, Shema: The new covenant has been established (Luke 22:20).
All Israel has not been saved (Ro.11:26), so it is not complete - HOWEVER by FORCE - by the POWER of the Spirit (Zech.4:6, Rom.9:16), you can enter the kingdom of the heavens NOW, at this time (Eph.2:6)Elijah indeed comes (Mal.4:5), but if you trust (are willing to receive), then John is "Elijah".  Elijah has emptied his cup!  Go (receive), don't look back! - 

 

Note: Jesus said that the physical Elijah will come and restore all things. This has not happened for most Jews- yet.

 

Further study: John the Lampstand, Yeshua in the midst of the seven lampstands. Witnessess?

 


 

14. Hallel הלל  Praise!  Psalm 115 - 118

Psa 115:1  

Not unto us, O Jehovah, not unto us, But unto thy name give glory, For thy lovingkindness, and for thy truth's sake.

Psa 115:2  

Wherefore should the nations say, Where is now their God?

Psa 115:3  

But our God is in the heavens: He hath done whatsoever he pleased.

Psa 115:4  

Their idols are silver and gold, The work of men's hands.

Psa 115:5  

They have mouths, but they speak not; Eyes have they, but they see not;

Psa 115:6  

They have ears, but they hear not; Noses have they, but they smell not;

Psa 115:7  

They have hands, but they handle not; Feet have they, but they walk not; Neither speak they through their throat.

Psa 115:8  

They that make them shall be like unto them; Yea, every one that trusteth in them.

Psa 115:9  

O Israel, trust thou in Jehovah: He is their help and their shield.

Psa 115:10  

O house of Aaron, trust ye in Jehovah: He is their help and their shield.

Psa 115:11  

Ye that fear Jehovah, trust in Jehovah: He is their help and their shield.

Psa 115:12  

Jehovah hath been mindful of us; he will bless [us]: He will bless the house of Israel; He will bless the house of Aaron.

Psa 115:13  

He will bless them that fear Jehovah, Both small and great.

Psa 115:14  

Jehovah increase you more and more, You and your children.

Psa 115:15  

Blessed are ye of Jehovah, Who made heaven and earth.

Psa 115:16  

The heavens are the heavens of Jehovah; But the earth hath he given to the children of men.

Psa 115:17  

The dead praise not Jehovah, Neither any that go down into silence;

Psa 115:18  

But we will bless Jehovah From this time forth and for evermore. Praise ye Jehovah.

 

Psa 116:1  

I love Jehovah, because he heareth My voice and my supplications.

Psa 116:2  

Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, Therefore will I call [upon him] as long as I live.

Psa 116:3  

The cords of death compassed me, And the pains of Sheol gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.

Psa 116:4  

Then called I upon the name of Jehovah: O Jehovah, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.

Psa 116:5  

Gracious is Jehovah, and righteous; Yea, our God is merciful.

Psa 116:6  

Jehovah preserveth the simple: I was brought low, and he saved me.

Psa 116:7  

Return unto thy rest, O my soul; For Jehovah hath dealt bountifully with thee.

Psa 116:8  

For thou hast delivered my soul from death, Mine eyes from tears, [And] my feet from falling.

Psa 116:9  

I will walk before Jehovah In the land of the living.

Psa 116:10  

I believe, for I will speak: I was greatly afflicted:

Psa 116:11  

I said in my haste, All men are liars.

Psa 116:12  

What shall I render unto Jehovah For all his benefits toward me?

Psa 116:13  

I will take the cup of salvation (ישועות), And call upon the name of Jehovah.

Psa 116:14  

I will pay my vows unto Jehovah, Yea, in the presence of all his people.

Psa 116:15  

Precious in the sight of Jehovah Is the death of his saints.

Psa 116:16  

O Jehovah, truly I am thy servant: I am thy servant, the son of thy handmaid; Thou hast loosed my bonds.

Psa 116:17  

I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, And will call upon the name of Jehovah.

Psa 116:18  

I will pay my vows unto Jehovah, Yea, in the presence of all his people,

Psa 116:19  

In the courts of Jehovah's house, In the midst of thee, O Jerusalem. Praise ye Jehovah.

 

Psa 117:1  

O praise Jehovah, all ye nations; Laud him, all ye peoples.

Psa 117:2  

For his lovingkindness is great toward us; And the truth of Jehovah [endureth] for ever. Praise ye Jehovah.

 

Psa 118:1  

Oh give thanks unto Jehovah; for he is good; For his lovingkindness [endureth] for ever.

Psa 118:2  

Let Israel now say, That his lovingkindness [endureth] for ever.

Psa 118:3  

Let the house of Aaron now say, That his lovingkindness [endureth] for ever.

Psa 118:4  

Let them now that fear Jehovah say, That his lovingkindness [endureth] for ever.

Psa 118:5  

Out of my distress I called upon Jehovah: Jehovah answered me [and set me] in a large place.

Psa 118:6  

Jehovah is on my side; I will not fear: What can man do unto me?

Psa 118:7  

Jehovah is on my side among them that help me: Therefore shall I see [my desire] upon them that hate me.

Psa 118:8  

It is better to take refuge in Jehovah Than to put confidence in man.

Psa 118:9  

It is better to take refuge in Jehovah Than to put confidence in princes.

Psa 118:10  

All nations compassed me about: In the name of Jehovah I will cut them off.

Psa 118:11  

They compassed me about; yea, they compassed me about: In the name of Jehovah I will cut them off.

Psa 118:12  

They compassed me about like bees; They are quenched as the fire of thorns: In the name of Jehovah I will cut them off.

Psa 118:13  

Thou didst thrust sore at me that I might fall; But Jehovah helped me.

Psa 118:14  

Jehovah is my strength and song; And he is become my salvation.

Psa 118:15  

The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tents of the righteous: The right hand of Jehovah doeth valiantly.

Psa 118:16  

The right hand of Jehovah is exalted: The right hand of Jehovah doeth valiantly.

Psa 118:17  

I shall not die, but live, And declare the works of Jehovah.

Psa 118:18  

Jehovah hath chastened me sore; But he hath not given me over unto death.

Psa 118:19  

Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will enter into them, I will give thanks unto Jehovah.

Psa 118:20  

This is the gate of Jehovah; The righteous shall enter into it.

Psa 118:21  

I will give thanks unto thee; for thou hast answered me, And art become my salvation.

Psa 118:22  

The stone which the builders rejected Is become the head of the corner.

Psa 118:23  

This is Jehovah's doing; It is marvellous in our eyes.

Psa 118:24  

This is the day which Jehovah hath made; We will rejoice and be glad in it.

Psa 118:25  

Save now, we beseech thee, O Jehovah: O Jehovah, we beseech thee, send now prosperity.

Psa 118:26  

Blessed be he that cometh in the name of Jehovah: We have blessed you out of the house of Jehovah.

Psa 118:27  

Jehovah is God, and he hath given us light: Bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar.

Psa 118:28  

Thou art my God, and I will give thanks unto thee: Thou art my God, I will exalt thee.

Psa 118:29  

Oh give thanks unto Jehovah; for he is good; For his lovingkindness [endureth] for ever.

 

~~~~~

 

Psalm 40:1 For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. I waited patiently for Jehovah; And he inclined unto me, and heard my cry. 2 He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay; And he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings. 3 And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: Many shall see it, and fear, And shall trust in Jehovah. 4 Blessed is the man that maketh Jehovah his trust, And respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies. 5 Many, O Jehovah my God, are the wonderful works which thou hast done, And thy thoughts which are to us-ward; They cannot be set in order unto thee; If I would declare and speak of them, They are more than can be numbered. 6 Sacrifice and offering thou hast no delight in; Mine ears hast thou opened: Burnt-offering and sin-offering hast thou not required. 7 Then said I, Lo, I am come; In the roll of the book it is written of me: 8 I delight to do thy will, O my God; Yea, thy law is within my heart. 9 I have proclaimed glad tidings of righteousness in the great assembly; Lo, I will not refrain my lips, O Jehovah, thou knowest. 10 I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation; I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great assembly. 11 Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me, O Jehovah; Let thy lovingkindness and thy truth continually preserve me. 12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about; Mine iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not able to look up; They are more than the hairs of my head; And my heart hath failed me. 13 Be pleased, O Jehovah, to deliver me: Make haste to help me, O Jehovah. 14 Let them be put to shame and confounded together That seek after my soul to destroy it: Let them be turned backward and brought to dishonor That delight in my hurt. 15 Let them be desolate by reason of their shame That say unto me, Aha, aha. 16 Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: Let such as love thy salvation say continually, Jehovah be magnified. 17 But I am poor and needy; Yet the Lord thinketh upon me: Thou art my help and my deliverer; Make no tarrying, O my God.

 

Revelation 15:3-4

 

  And they-are-singing-an-ode the song of-Moses the slave of-the God and the song of-the Lamb, saying: Great and marvellous your works, Lord the God the Almighty; just and authentic your ways, the King of-the ages;

Who might by-no-means fear,  Lord, and will-glorify your name? because (you) only (are) hallowed, because all the Gentiles will-be-present and they-will-worship in-sight of-you, because your just-acts were-made-manifest. -

~~~~~

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Fourth Cup, the Cup of Completion

 

Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 

32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was a husband unto them, saith Jehovah. 

33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith Jehovah: I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:

 

All raise the fourth cup.

 

             Leader: "I will take you as my people, and I will be your God." (Exodus 6:7)

Don't Drink yet!

            


 

15. Nirtzah נרצה - "accepted", or "it should be accepted"

All: Baruch Atah  יהוה Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Boh-ray P'ree Ha-gafen.

Blessed art Thou,  יהוה our God, King of the universe, creator of the fruit of the vine.

 

All drink the fourth cup.

 

 

Pray that God will Accept our observance until Jesus comes.

 

Psalm 46:1-11 ASV - For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of the sons of Korah; set to Alamoth. A Song. God is our refuge and strength, A very present help in trouble. Therefore will we not fear, though the earth do change, And though the mountains be shaken into the heart of the seas; Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, Though the mountains tremble with the swelling thereof. Selah. There is a river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, The holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High. God is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God will help her, and that right early. The nations raged, the kingdoms were moved: He uttered his voice, the earth melted. Jehovah of hosts is with us; The God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. Come, behold the works of Jehovah, What desolations he hath made in the earth. He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; He breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; He burneth the chariots in the fire. Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth. Jehovah of hosts is with us; The God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.

 

1 Corinthians 3:16 "Are YOU not knowing absolutely that YOU are the sanctuary (νας - naos) of the God, and the spirit of God is dwelling ( οκε - oikei) in YOU?"

 

so too it is written:

Isaiah 57:15 "For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth (שכן) [Strong's 7931] eternity, whose name is Holy: I dwell  (אשכון) [Strong's 7931] in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.

this is to say:

"I dwell in a high and holy place, but also I dwell with the broken and lowly of spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the crushed.”

 - this is God's definition of His "Two House" theology!

 

Revelation 21:1  And I-saw (a) new-quality heaven and (a) new-quality earth; for the first heaven and the first earth went-away, and the sea is not still (existing?).

v2 And the city, namely-the holy, new-quality Jerusalem, I-saw descending out-of the heaven from the God, having-been-and-still-prepared as (a) bride having-been-and-still-put-in-order for her husband.

v3 And I-heard (a) great voice out-of the throne saying: Behold the tabernacle of-the God (is) with the MEN, and he-will-tabernacle with them, and they themselves-will-be his peoples, and the God himself will-be with them, their God.

v4 And he-will-obliterate every tear out-of their eyes, and the death will not be still, neither mourning nor clamor nor toil will not be still; because the first-things went-away.

v5 And the (one) sitting on the throne said: Behold I-am-making all-things new-quality.  And he-is-saying:  You-write, because these words are trustworthy and authentic.          

 

 

 

Hallelujah!

 

"Praise Yah!"

 

Lashanah haba'ah bi Yerushalayim!

 

"Next year in Jerusalem !"

 

 

The Seder is concluded.

 

 

 

 



(a) Passover Haggadah (for Christians)

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