(a) Passover Haggadah (for Christians)


Digression 8 - The colors of garments that Jesus wore during his arrest and trial match the colors of the veil.


Jesus wore the colors of the veil -  Blue  white   purple  Scarlet   Blue


Regarding the color of Yeshua/Jesus' own garment - perhaps Blue - see Exodus 28:31&32, the description of the High Priest's robe of the ephod:

"Exodus 28:31 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod (אֵפוֹד 'ephowd ) all of blue.

The LXX has ποδήρη podara  for אֵפוֹד 


O.T. -Zechariah 3:4 (LXX)" ...Take away the filthy raiment (ἱμάτια himatia) from him. And he said to him,  Behold,  I have taken away thine iniquities (ἀνομίας anomias):  and clothe ye him with a long robe (ποδήρη  pod-āy'-rā), and place a pure miter upon his head."


Ex 28:32
And it shall have a hole for the head in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of a coat of mail, that it be not rent."

Exd 28:40 And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats (כֻּתֹּנֶת  kĕthoneth,), and thou shalt make for them girdles, and head-tires shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty. 

כֻּתֹּנֶת  kĕthoneth, 1. tunic, under-garment

                                    1. a long shirt-like garment usually of linen

LXX has χιτῶνας, chitonas - chiton


BUT note while Messiah not of Levi...BUT He is our High Priest in the New, better Covenant, in the order of Melchizedec.  Remember that the earthly Tabernacle was patterned off the heavenly. Scripture does not say what color Jesus' own garment was.


Chronologically, the Colors of garments Jesus wore during his arrest and trial:

Yeshua/Jesus wore a blue  poncho/chiton?

Lu 23:11 Herod put a white esthes on Him

Jn19:2 Pilate put a purple himation on Him.

Mt 27:28 Soldiers put a Scarlet clamus on Him

Mt 27:31 Soldiers put his Blue garment back on Him.


Luke 23:11  But the Herod together-with his armies having-treated him with-contempt, and having-mocked (him), having-cast-around him (a) brilliant (white) esthes (ἐσθῆτα) (robe) he-sent him back to-the Pilate.


John 19:2 And the soldiers having-plaited (a) crown out-of thorn-plants they-put (it) upon his head, and they-cast-around him (a) purple himation (ἱμάτιον himation),


Matthew 27:28  And having-stripped him they-placed-around to-him (a) scarlet mantle (χλαμύδα chlamuda);


Matthew 27:31   And then they-mocked him they-stripped (off) him the mantle ( χλαμύς chlamus), and they-clothed him in his garments (ἱμάτια himatia); and they-led him away into to-be-crucified.

(on himation vs. chiton, c.f. Lu. 6:29 and Matt.5:40, where the terms seem to be interchanged.  ? See Trench here for better descriptions of these articles of clothing)


Matthew 27:35  But having-crucified him they-divided-for themselves his garments (ἱμάτια - himatia) casting (a) lot, in-order-that it-might-be-fulfilled, the-(thing) having-been-said by the prophet; They-divided-for-themselves my garments  (ἱμάτια - himatia) with-themselves, and on my vesture (ἱματισμόν - himatismon) they-cast (a) lot.

Note the Textus Receptus has additional Greek text here to connect to Psalm 22:18


Psalm 22:18 They part my garments (בְגָדַי beged) (LXX: ἱμάτιά himatia) among them, And upon my vesture (לְבוּשִׁ  lĕbuwsh) (LXX: ἱματισμόν himatismon) do they cast lots.


* χλαμύς - chalamys,

1. an outer garment usually worn over the tunic 

2. a kind of short cloak worn by soldiers, military officers, magistrates, kings, emperors


* ἱμάτιον  - himation,

1. a garment (of any sort) garments, i.e. the cloak or mantle and the tunic

2. the upper garment, the cloak or mantle


* ἐσθής esthēs  

1. clothing, raiment, apparel


כֻּתֹּנֶת  kĕthoneth,

1. tunic, under-garment

                                    1. a long shirt-like garment usually of linen

                                    LXX (Greek O.T.) has χιτῶνας, chitonas - chiton





click image for larger size


above; the Tabernacle (ten curtains Ex. 26:1) covered with the black? goat hair covering, covered with the red ram's skin, and covered with the blue seal-skins or porpoise skins. The color sequence of this model Tabernacle (blue-purple-red-white, the ten curtains under the 3 outer coverings) colors is possibly incorrect.  The outer veil colors (folded up in half, Josephus Book3 Ch6) are also possibly in incorrect color sequence



 Blue  white   purple  Scarlet   Blue

It seems possible this was the sequence of colors in the Tabernacle and its veil, screen, gate, if we look at the sequence of colors of robes Jesus/Yeshua wore during his arrest & trial as an indicator.

The Tabernacle was the ten joined curtains defined in Exodus 26:1

Exodus 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains; of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, with cherubim the work of the skilful workman shalt thou make them.


ואת־המשכן תעשה עשר יריעת

curtains  ten you-make the-tabernacle and ←


All the colors are repeated in the two "halves" of the Tabernacle curtains.  That one color is repeated in each of the two sets of 5 curtains is dictated by only 4 colors given (Ex 26:1 fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet) . Verse 3-4 indicates the repeated color is blue: "Five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and the other five curtains shall be coupled one to another. vs.4  "And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is outmost in the second coupling.

And so a blue curtain would have been at the ends of each set of curtains of the Tabernacle. The "Tabernacle" is the ten curtains joined together.

[Question: was the color sequence the same in both sets of the overhead multi-colored curtains? (they were joined to form one tabernacle)

That is, walking through the tabernacle (under the curtains), approaching the veil, can we chronologically walk through the colors as they represent the timeline of the trial of Jesus?  After the veil was rent, as we enter the Holy of Holies, approaching YHVH - does the color sequence change inside the Holy of Holies? ]

Edit: Consider the commandment to put a "blue" on/in the corners of their (Jew's) garments.  The additional analogy of tallit-tabernacle would then place the blue at both ends...

Keep in mind that near or at YHVH is the color blue: Exodus 24:10 "and they saw the God of Israel; and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and as it were the very heaven for clearness.

 The veil also was of these same colors: That veil was His Flesh! That veil is RENT!

Matthew 27:51 And behold the veil of-the sanctuary was-split into two, from from-above till below; and the earth was-caused-to-quake, and the rocks were-split,

John 14:6 "The Jesus is-saying to-him, I myself-am the way and the truth and the life.  No-one is-coming to the Father unless through me."

Hebrews 10:19 Having therefore brothers, boldness-of-speech with-reference-to the entering-in of-the holy-ones in the blood of-Jesus,

v20 Which (entering-in) he-dedicated for-us (a) way recently-slain and living, through the veil, this is his flesh,



Hebrews 4:16 Let-us therefore be-going-near with boldness-of-speech to-the throne of-the favor [grace] in-order-that we-might-take mercy and we-might-find favor with-reference-to seasonable help.


Ephesians 2:13 "But at-this-instant in Messiah Jesus YOU, the (ones) at-one-time being far (away), YOU-became near in the blood of-the Messiah.

Eph. 2:14 For he himself is our peace, the (one) having-made the both (places) [Holy place & Holy of Holies] one even having-broken-down the midst-wall of-the fencing-in, the enmity, in his flesh [Hebrews 10:19-20 that veil was his flesh]


Both places made one


And also both Jew and Gentile made one new man


Eph. 2:15 Having-rendered-inactive the law of-the commandments in decrees, in-order-that he-might-create the two [Jew and Gentile] in himself with-reference-to one new (quality) MAN making peace,"


OUR Advocate, the propitiation of our sins, Yeshua/Jesus Messiah/Christ the Just.

1John 2:1 My little-children, these-things I-am-writing to-YOU in-order-that YOU-might not sin.  And if someone might-sin, we-are-having (an) advocate with the Father, Jesus Messiah (a) just (one);

v2 And he himself is (a) propitiation concerning our sins, but not concerning ours only BUT also concerning the total world.


Yeshua/Jesus is Yahweh. "I and the Father are one" John 10:30.

 Praise Yahweh!




(a) Passover Haggadah (for Christians)

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